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The policy environment of China's food industry during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period

section I analysis of the development environment of the food industry during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period

the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period is an important period for China to implement the new national economic and social development plan under the guidance of the scientific concept of development, and it is also a critical period for China's economy to end the WTO transition period and accelerate its integration into the international economy. Different from the domestic and international environment during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the development of the food industry in this period should not only comply with the national master plan and meet the requirements of building a well-off society in an all-round way, but also adapt to the more severe international competitive environment in the process of globalization, constantly improve competitiveness and achieve faster and better development. The new situation and tasks will have an important impact on China's food industry

(I) development opportunities of the food industry

1. The sustained and rapid development of the national economy and the improvement of urbanization have created huge demand space for the development of the food industry. According to the expected objectives of the Eleventh Five Year Plan for national economic and social development, during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the GDP increased by 7.5% annually, the per capita net income of urban and rural residents increased by 5% annually, the urbanization rate increased to 47%, and the total population of the country was controlled at 1.36 billion. According to relevant forecasts, the Engel's coefficient of urban residents in China is expected to drop from 37.7% in 2004 to 35% in 2010, and the average living standard is in the affluent stage; The rural area will drop from 47.2% in 2004 to 41.6% in 2010, and the average living standard will change from a well-off to a well-off stage. The combined effect of the above factors will have an important impact on the total amount and structure of food consumption, that is, although the Engel coefficient representing food consumption will decline, it will still be at the top of the proportion of household consumption expenditure, the total amount of food consumption will continue to increase, commodity consumption will increasingly replace self-supporting consumption, and the proportion of industrialized food will gradually increase, providing a huge market space for the development of the food industry

2. The adjustment of agricultural structure and the acceleration of industrialization provide more abundant high-quality raw materials for the food industry. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, China will continue to adjust the agricultural industrial structure, strengthen the construction of special agricultural raw materials base, promote the transformation of agriculture from production oriented to market-oriented and processing oriented, promote the specialization, quality and regionalization of agricultural production, and provide high-quality and special processing raw materials for the development of the food industry in accordance with the plan of the regional layout plan for advantageous agricultural products (2003-2007) issued by the Ministry of agriculture

3. Major development strategies such as the western development, revitalizing the old industrial bases in Northeast China, promoting the rise of central China and building a new socialist countryside have created new development opportunities for the food industry. Northeast, central and western regions are important agricultural production areas in China, with a large proportion of rural population and rich food resources. The development of food industry not only has great potential, but also has the foundation for rapid development. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, under the joint promotion of the above major development strategies, the hardware and software environment for the development of food industry in these regions will continue to improve, which is conducive to further giving play to the advantages of location and agricultural resources, and developing into an important food industry base in China

4. The state attaches importance to the development of circular economy, creating a good macro environment for the development of food industry. The food industry mainly uses renewable resources as raw materials, and the waste generated in the production and consumption process can be reused or returned to the field, which has the characteristics of circular economy. Under the background that the state vigorously advocates the development of circular economy, the development of food industry will be paid more attention by the government and society, and the macro environment will be better and better. At present, some provinces, autonomous regions and cities have taken accelerating the development of food industry as an important strategic measure to improve regional competitiveness and promote economic development

5. The acceleration of the process of global and regional economic integration has created conditions for China's food industry to allocate resources and expand markets in a wider range. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, with the end of the transition period of China's accession to the WTO, the degree of opening up of the domestic food industry will be further increased. This is conducive to China's food industry to better introduce international advanced technology, equipment and management experience, make rational use of foreign food resources to ensure the supply of raw materials, and further expand the international market of the food industry

(II) challenges faced by the food industry

1. High environmental protection requirements, large resource consumption, and increased development costs of the food industry. On the one hand, the scale of China's food industry enterprises is generally small, far from reaching a reasonable economic scale, and some enterprises are difficult to pay the cost of pollution control. On the other hand, the energy consumption and water resources consumption of some industries in the food industry are relatively large, which is not conducive to resource conservation and utilization. According to the requirements of building a conservation oriented society and an environment-friendly society, the future development of the food industry is facing the dual pressure and constraints of strengthening environmental protection and pollution control and reducing resource consumption, which has raised the industry access threshold for food enterprises

2. The development of food industry is restricted by the difficulty of financing. The purchase of raw materials in the food industry is seasonal, with large capital consumption and concentrated demand. Most food processing enterprises have low profit margins and lack the ability to rely on self accumulation for development. The current financing environment is not conducive to food production enterprises to obtain financial support. First, small and medium-sized enterprises have small assets, low credit rating and few mortgages, and only a small part of them can obtain credit from commercial financial institutions; Second, private enterprises are difficult to get financial support from policy banks due to policy restrictions; Third, the strength of rural credit cooperatives and other agricultural financial institutions is limited, which is far from meeting the financial requirements of food enterprises; Fourth, some large enterprises are far away from the city due to their location, low real estate value and difficult to realize, so it is difficult to obtain bank loans

3. However, due to the close relationship between the machine stability and the rigidity of the host machine and the rigidity of the sample during force control and deformation control, the food market competition is becoming increasingly fierce, and food enterprises are facing severe challenges. On the one hand, foreign capital is very active in entering China's food industry, using its technological and financial advantages to compete for the domestic market and improve the market monopoly ability, which poses a major threat to domestic food enterprises with relatively backward technology and weak financial strength. On the other hand, many countries have raised the testing standards of imported food, and the technical threshold and environmental protection requirements of international food trade tend to increase. 3. Gb/t 1040.1 ⑵ 006 determination of tensile properties of plastics Part 1: the general rules are strong, and some have become non-tariff trade barriers to protect domestic industries. The range of products involved will be wider and wider, and the regulatory measures will be more and more specific, which will increase the resistance faced by China's food exports. For example, the centralized commencement ceremony of key projects in Suining City of the European Union in the second quarter of 2017 was held in Shehong County of the city, and Japan launched more stringent new standards for food testing in 2006, which had a negative impact on China's food exports

4. The requirements for food safety have been raised, and the importance of food safety and hygiene in the food industry has become more prominent. With the improvement of people's living standards, food safety has attracted more and more attention of the whole society. Food processing can not only improve the quality of food, but also increase unsafe factors. It is a major issue for the development of the food industry to establish a food safety system from the production of raw materials, procurement, storage and transportation, processing to the packaging and sales of finished products

section II guiding ideology, principles and objectives of the development of the food industry during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period

guiding ideology of the development of the food industry during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period

in accordance with the requirements of building a well-off society in an all-round way and building a socialist harmonious society, fully implement the scientific concept of development, take a new path of industrialization, take market demand as the guide, take the development of agricultural industrialization as the opportunity, rely on agricultural production, and feed back agricultural production, Continue to adjust the structure of the food industry and further improve the overall level of industry development; Optimize the regional layout, strengthen the construction of raw material bases, and cultivate food processing industrial belts and enterprise clusters; Change the growth mode, promote the intensive processing and comprehensive utilization of resources, and develop circular economy; Enhance the ability of independent innovation, promote the scientific and technological progress of the industry, and promote the development of food processing equipment manufacturing industry; Strengthen the construction of food safety system, improve food nutrition and safety level, and ensure that residents can eat at ease. Promote the healthy, stable and sustainable development of the food industry

during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the basic principles of the development of the food industry

first, independent innovation and scientific and technological leadership. Aim at the forefront of world food processing technology and industrial development, promote scientific and technological innovation and technological progress, and enhance the original innovation, integrated innovation, introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation ability of the food industry. Actively adopt high and new technologies and advanced applicable technologies to transform the food industry, accelerate the promotion, application and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements, and improve the scientific and technological content of products

second, cultivate brands and become bigger and stronger. Speed up the adjustment of product structure, avoid one-sided pursuit of scale expansion, and change the mode of growth. We will strengthen the development of new products and strive to create well-known food trademarks. Enterprises with regional and national well-known trademarks should be given necessary support and protection to help enterprises firmly establish trademark awareness, do a good job in trademark publicity, and improve product competitiveness. Encourage and promote enterprises to expand their business scale, become bigger and stronger, and improve the production concentration of the food industry through mergers and acquisitions, restructuring, alliances and other means. We will open wider to the outside world, encourage advantageous enterprises to "go global", expand international markets and set up factories abroad, and strive to create world-renowned food brands

third, highlight advantages and gather for development. Follow the economic law, give full play to the comparative advantages of different regions, accelerate the flow of capital, technology, talent and other elements to advantageous production areas and industries, promote industrial extension, cultivate industrial clusters, and form characteristic food processing industrial belts (areas)

fourth, pay attention to nutrition and improve quality. Under the guidance of nutrition science, we should pay attention to preserving the inherent nutritional components of food raw materials, optimize the ratio of nutrients in food, maintain and improve the nutritional quality of processed food, and meet the requirements of people's living standards for nutritional health

v. standards first to ensure safety. With reference to international standards and in combination with national conditions, establish national food standards and a unified and standardized food certification and accreditation system, and improve the food safety detection and monitoring system. On the basis of strengthening departmental coordination, strengthen the market access management of the food industry to ensure the health and safety of food in the whole process of raw materials, processing, packaging, transportation and consumption

VI. save resources and make comprehensive utilization. Comprehensively establish the concept of circular economy, improve the level of comprehensive utilization of resources and food production rate, try to "eat dry and squeeze clean", reduce resource consumption, and ensure the rational and sustainable use of resources. Vigorously develop the deep processing of resources, extend the industrial chain, promote the transformation and value-added of agricultural products, and broaden the space for the development of the food industry

the main goal of the development of the food industry during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period

1. The scale and benefits of the food industry continue to grow rapidly. In 2010, the total output value of the food industry increased from 2034.5 billion yuan in 2005 to 4090 billion yuan, with an average annual increase of 15%; With the inspection of high-speed railway project, it is found that the total amount of insufficient performance of polyurea waterproof layer used in bridge deck increased from 336.5 billion yuan in 2005 to more than 676.8 billion yuan, with an average annual increase of 15%; food

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