Policies encourage the sharing of instruments, and the opening rate of large-scale scientific research instruments across the country is up to 85%
Abstract: the Ministry of science and technology is studying and formulating measures for the management and open sharing of national scientific data, improving the collection and exchange mechanism of scientific data, and actively promoting the sharing of scientific and technological resources, including experimental animals and experimental equipment
the "special plan for the construction of national scientific and technological innovation bases and conditions guarantee capacity in the 13th five year plan" issued by the Ministry of science and technology, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance recently proposed to comprehensively promote the open sharing and efficient utilization of scientific and technological resources, which has attracted extensive attention of scientific researchers
what is the current situation of the opening and sharing of scientific and technological resources in China? What measures will be taken to further promote the "13th five year plan"? Relevant personnel of the Ministry of science and technology were interviewed
the opening rate of large-scale scientific research instruments across the country reached 85%
"large-scale instruments and scientific research facilities purchased by the national financial investment should be opened." Ren Jiarong, head of the platform Department of the Department of basic research of the Ministry of science and technology, said that it is very necessary to open and share scientific resources. On the one hand, it is to serve scientists well, on the other hand, it is the demand of the national macro strategy to provide conditional support for building a world power in science and technology
in 2014, the State Council issued the "opinions of the State Council on the opening of national major scientific research infrastructure and large scientific research instruments to the society", which pointed out that we should speed up the opening of scientific research facilities and instruments to social users such as universities, scientific research institutes, enterprises, social R & D organizations, and realize the opening and sharing of resources
in September this year, the Ministry of science and technology, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the "management measures for the opening and sharing of national major scientific research infrastructure and large scientific research instruments", which further standardized the open and sharing management of instruments and facilities, and clarified the principle that scientific research instruments and facilities should be open and shared to the society
the scientific research platform department where Ren Jiarong is located has carried out the supervision of the opening and sharing of scientific resources focusing on large-scale instruments and major scientific research infrastructure since 2014. He told Science and technology that the financial expenditure on the purchase of equipment in 2015 and 2016 decreased by 5.3 billion yuan. "The opening and sharing of resources can avoid the repeated purchase of instruments and save a lot of money for the national finance."
for a long time, the country's large scientific research instruments and equipment have been scattered in various units, and there is no open and transparent release channel for the number and types of instruments. How many "family members" have become the first problem to be solved. The Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of Finance and other departments have found out the "family background" through resource investigation. By the end of 2016, the total number of large-scale scientific research instruments and equipment worth more than 500000 yuan in the country was about 73000 sets, with a total value of more than 104.2 billion yuan
according to the steps of "one opening, two utilization, and three sharing", the national large-scale scientific research instruments and equipment worth hundreds of billions have started the process of gradual opening, with a total of up to 50% sharing. On the "national network management platform of scientific research facilities and instruments", each (set) large scientific research instrument and equipment is "registered"
it is reported that by November this year, 62000 instruments (sets) have been included in the above large instrument sharing platform, excluding instruments that are not suitable for open sharing, with an opening rate of 85%. "The publication of instrument catalogue, operation service records and supervision and evaluation are the focus of the future improvement of the sharing platform."
issuing "innovation vouchers" to encourage sharing
under the background of mass entrepreneurship and innovation, enterprises have high enthusiasm for R & D. How to meet the needs of enterprises for large-scale instruments and equipment? Ren Jiarong introduced that many places have innovated financial investment mechanisms, adopted "innovation vouchers" and other ways to increase incentives for the opening and sharing of scientific and technological resources, guided scientific and technological resources to serve small and medium-sized enterprises and entrepreneurial teams, and reduced the cost of enterprise innovation
according to incomplete statistics, up to now, more than 20 provinces across the country have implemented the policy of scientific and technological innovation vouchers, and a total of more than 1.3 billion yuan of "innovation vouchers" have been issued. 60% of the "innovation vouchers" are used by enterprises to carry out scientific and technological activities such as inspection and testing, cooperative development, etc. by using the scientific and technological resources of colleges and universities, accumulatively saving enterprises equipment purchase and other research. Some sales companies do not issue door-to-door debugging costs of billions of yuan
Ren Jiarong said that for enterprises that need instruments mainly due to poor contact of power lines, it saves a lot of money to spend only on testing than to pay for instruments. For instrument management units, open sharing is a duty and obligation entrusted by the state to resource managers. However, certain fees can be charged according to the principles of cost compensation and non-profit. "Although the specific charging standard and how to charge is a difficulty, the overall principle is cost compensation, not profit."
in addition, the "national network management platform for scientific research facilities and instruments" is open to the whole society. Enterprises can log in to the platform, query the required instruments, and use this resource through appointment. "We build a platform, and the instrument 'singing' is OK." Ren Jiarong said that in the future, the opening of large scientific research instruments is the norm, and the non opening is the exception
"post subsidy" mechanism reward opening
after several years of construction, the use of large-scale scientific research instruments has become more institutionalized and standardized. However, there are still problems that some instrument management units do not fully understand sharing. "To this end, we need to further strengthen our guidance in the evaluation and assessment mechanism." Ren Jiarong said that in the future, the open sharing management function of scientific research instruments will be gradually realized on the national platform. The management unit should also establish a perfect open sharing service record and submit it to the national large-scale instrument sharing platform
it is reported that the next step will be to strengthen the assessment of large-scale instruments' open sharing. According to the assessment results, post subsidy funds will be given to units with good open sharing effect and high user evaluation, so as to mobilize the enthusiasm of large-scale scientific research instrument management units to open sharing. The assessment results should also be used as the basis for further purchase and construction of scientific research instruments. The purchase of instruments should be evaluated according to the situation of open and shared services. Units with poor opening effect should be warned or publicized for rectification, and there are restrictions on the application of scientific and technological projects and the purchase of instruments
Ren Jiarong said that at present, the Ministry of science and technology is still studying and formulating national measures for scientific data management and open sharing, improving the exchange mechanism of scientific data, and actively promoting the sharing of scientific and technological resources, including experimental animals and experimental equipment